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Curator's Corner / NASCAR 75th Anniversary

NASCAR’s Moonshine Roots

We kick off our celebration of NASCAR’s 75th anniversary with the story of how inaugural Hall of Famer Junior Johnson built us a proper Wilkes County, North Carolina whiskey still.

NASCAR Hall of Fame Executive Director Winston Kelley explains the story behind the whiskey still Junior Johnson built at the Hall. Video courtesy of FOX Morning News

NASCAR is celebrating its 75th anniversary in 2023, so it’s only fitting that Curators’ Corner heads back to the sport’s earliest days, when many of the competitors first cut their teeth hauling illegal moonshine throughout the Southeast.

One of the best-known moonshine runners-turned race-car drivers was Wilkes County, North Carolina native Junior Johnson, a member of the inaugural NASCAR Hall of Fame Class of 2010.

NASCAR Hall of Fame Executive Director Winston Kelley (L) welcomed Junior Johnson into the inaugural Class of 2010. Photo by Rusty Jarrett/Getty Images for NASCAR

Johnson won 50 races as a premier series driver. Later as a car owner he won six series championships, three each with Class of 2012 drivers Cale Yarborough and Darrell Waltrip. In addition to his skills as driver and a team owner, Johnson was one of the true pioneers of the sport, a larger-than-life character who helped put NASCAR on the map in its first two decades.

Junior Johnson signed autographs during the 2014 NASCAR Fan Appreciation Day event. Photo by Rainier Ehrhardt/NASCAR via Getty Images.

It wasn’t just on the track where Johnson made his mark. In the NASCAR Hall of Fame’s Heritage Speedway, he built a life-sized whiskey still that has been in the building since its opening in 2010 and remains one of its most popular attractions.

Why a whiskey still in an auto racing museum?

The answer is simple: In the first decade or so of NASCAR racing, the transportation of illegal liquor in the South was huge business, and a lot of the sport’s early stars drove, owned or built moonshine cars, and Wilkes County was a hotbed of the moonshine industry.

Another center of the liquor business was Dawsonville, Georgia, home to Hall of Fame team owner Raymond Parks (2017), who ran one of the largest liquor operations in the South. Virginia drivers who were whiskey trippers – slang for bootleggers – included Wendell Scott (2015) and Curtis Turner (2016). Tim Flock (2014), a two-time NASCAR premier series champion in the 1950s, shuttled hooch back and forth between Alabama and Atlanta before turning to racing.

But of all the moonshiners who raced, Johnson was the most legendary. He knew the back roads of North Carolina like the back of his hand and was an exceptionally skilled driver. Just as importantly, Johnson was a brilliant mechanic who could milk every ounce of speed out of the Fords and Oldsmobiles he used on his whiskey runs.

Johnson did a lot of the things other haulers did back then: He’d modify the engines of his cars to produce more power, add heavy duty suspension components to safely carry the extra weight of all the liquor and remove all but the driver’s seat to maximize the room inside for mason jars filled with booze.

Clever moonshiners would sometimes rig their cars to produce clouds of smoke or drop oil or nails from the rear of their cars to thwart pursuing law enforcement officers. Others installed steel plates in front of their radiators to keep police from shooting holes in them and causing their engines to overheat and break down.

Ever the innovator, Johnson studied aerodynamics by trial and error. He learned that by removing the windshield wipers from his car and taping up the openings around his headlights, he could pick up 10 miles per hour in top speed – enough to outrun his pursuers.

It’s no coincidence that Junior Johnson was never caught on the road with a load of moonshine. After all, he knew what would happen to him if he did get captured. So he built the fastest cars in Wilkes County.

“Moonshiners put more time, energy, thought and love into their cars than any racer ever will,” Johnson once said. “Lose on the track and you go home. Lose with a load of whiskey and you go to jail.”

Which brings us to the still in Heritage Speedway.

Because moonshiners were a big part of the first decade of NASCAR, their stories had to be told. Hall of Fame Executive Director Winston Kelley knew who to reach out to in order to get the story told accurately: Junior Johnson.

The still designed and built by Junior Johnson is one of the NASCAR Hall of Fame’s most popular attractions. Photo by Siera Erazo/NASCAR Hall of Fame

In the accompanying video, Kelley tells the story of how Johnson came to build the still in the Hall of Fame.

Lisa Johnson, Junior’s widow, said her husband was thrilled to build the still. “He (Junior) got on it immediately. And he was determined. If anyone knows Junior, they know he’s going to do it to pristine (standards) and it’s going to be perfect,” she said. “… He was very proud that they recognized the roots of the sport in the Hall of Fame.”

Tom Jensen

Tom Jensen

Tom is the Curatorial Affairs Manager at the NASCAR Hall of Fame. For more than 25 years, he has been part of the NASCAR media industry.

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